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Gary Blomquist

Photo of Gary Blomquist
Dr. Gary Blomquist PhD. Dept Chair

Professor, Department Chair
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
University of Nevada/Mail Stop 330
1664 North Virginia Street
Reno,  Nevada   89557

 

Office: (775) 682-7335
Lab: 784-4104

Fax: 784-1419

Email: garyb@cabnr.unr.edu
Building: Howard Medical Science,  Office 162

 

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EDUCATION

B.S. 1969 University of Wisconsin - La Crosse
Ph.D. 1973 Montana State University

 

ACADEMIC & RESEARCH INTEREST

The "biorational" approach to insect control involves the development of specific chemicals that interfere with biochemical and physiological processes unique to insects. The goal of our research is to gain an understanding of basic biochemical processes that are unique to insects such that these processes can be exploited for insect control. Toward this end, projects in my laboratory use molecular and biochemical approaches to gain an understanding of the production and endocrine regulation of sex pheromones in the common housefly, the cotton boll weevil and bark beetles.

Other work involves determining the mechanisms of enzymes involved in cuticular lipid formation and studying comparative aspects of fatty acid biochemistry in insects. Bark beetles are extremely destructive forest pests, and we are investigating the processes of how they form their monterpenoid aggregation pheromones. In another project, we have demonstrated that a number of invertebrates can synthesize linoleic acid, which was previously thought to be an essential fatty acid for all animals, and are currently studying the gene for this and other desaturases. The long term goal of this research is to gain the necessary basic information such that environmentally compatible insect control techniques can be developed.

 
REPRESENTATIVE PUBLICATIONS

 

Book or Chapter(s) in Books
Blomquist, G., Jurenka, R., Schal, C., Tittiger, C. 2012, Pheromone Production: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, In Gilbert, LI (Ed.), Insect Endocrinology (vol. 1, pp. 523-567). Amsterdam: Academic Press - Elsevier.  
Blomquist, G., Bagneres, A 2010, Introduction, history and overview of insect hydrocarbons., Insect Hydrocarbons: Biology, Biochemistry and Chemical Ecology  
Blomquist, G., Bagneres, A 2010, Site of synthesis, mechanism of transport and deposition of hydrocarbons., Insect Hydrocarbons: Biology, Biochemistry and Chemical Ecology, Cambridge Press.  
Blomquist, G 2010, Structure and analysis of insect hydrocarbons., Insect Hydrocarbons: Biology, Biochemistry and Chemical Ecology, Cambridge Press.  
Journals
Braga, M. V., Pinto, Z. T., de Carvatho Queiroz, M. M., Matsumoto, N., Blomquist, G. 2013, Cuticular hydrocarbons as a tool for the identification of insect species: Puparial cases from Sarcophagidae, Acta Tropica, 128, 479-485  
Song, M., Kim, A. C., MacLean, M., Young, S., Ginzel, M., Blomquist, G., Tittiger, C 2013, Functional characterization of myrcene hydroxylases from two geographically distinct Ips pini populations., Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 43, 336-343.  
Feldlauger, M. F., Blomquist, G. 2011, Cuticular hydrocarbons from the bed bug Cimex lectularius L., Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Elsevier, 39, 283-285.  
Bearfield, J. C., Box, C. I., Keeling, C. I., Young, S., Blomquist, G., Tittiger, C. 2009, . Isolation, endocrine regulation and transcript distribution of a putative primary JH-response gene from the pine engraver, Ips pini Coleoptera: Scolytidae, Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 38, 256-267.  
Sandstrom, P., Ginzel, M. D., Bearfield, J. C., Blomquist, G., Tittiger, C., Welch, W. H 2009, Myrcene hydroxyases do not determine enantiomeric composition of pheromonal ipsdienol in Ips spp., Journal of Chemical Ecology, 34, 1584-1592  
Older Publications
  • Blomquist GJ and Vogt RG. Editors, "Insect Pheromone Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, Elsevier Academic Press, London 745 pages (2003).
  • Hall GM, Tittiger C, Andrews G, Mastick G, Kuenzli M, Luo X, Seybold SJ and Blomquist GJ. Male pine engraver Beetles, Ips pini, synthesize the monoterpenoid pheromone ipsdienol de novo in midgut tissue. Naturwissenschaften 89, 79-83 (2002).
  • Barkawi LS, Francke W, Blomquist GJ and Seybold SJ. Frontalin: De novo biosynthesis of an aggregation pheromone component by Dendroctonus spp. bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Insect Biochem. Molec. Biol. 33, 773-788 (2003).
  • Blomquist GJ. Ecdysteroid regulation of pheromone production in the housefly, Musca domestica. In "Insect Pheromone Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, eds. G.J. Blomquist and R. G. Vogt, Academic Press, pp. 231-252 (2003).
  • G.J. Blomquist and R. Vogt, Editors, "Insect Pheromones: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, Academic Press (2002) To purchase this text, visit http://www.bh.com/bookscat/links/details.asp
  • S. Mpuru, G.J. Blomquist, C. Schal, M. Kuenzli, G. Dusticier, M. Roux and A.-G. Bagneres. Effect of age and sex on the production of internal and external hydrocarbons and pheromones in the housefly, Musca domestica. Insect Biochem. Molec. Biol. 31 139-155 (2001). D. Liang, G.J. Blomquist and J. Silverman. Hydrocarbon-induced nestmate aggression in the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, following encounter with insect prey. Comp. Biochem. and Physiol. 129B:871-882 (2001).
  • P. Juarez, G.J. Blomquist and C.J. Schofield. Hydrocarbons of Rhodnius prolixus, a Chagas disease vector. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 129B:733-746 (2001). C. Schal, V. Sevala, M. De L. Capurro, T. Snyder, G.J. Blomquist, A.-G. Bagnères. Tissue distribution and lipophorin transport of hydrocarbons and sex pheromones in the house fly, Musca domestica. J. Insect Science 1:12 (11 pages) (2001).
  • V. Sevala, A.-G. Bagnêres, M. Kuenzli, G.J. Blomquist, C Schal. Cuticular hydrocarbons of the dampwood termite, Zootermopsis nevadensis : Caste differences and role of lipophorin in transport of hydrocarbon and hydrocarbon metabolites. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:765-789 (2000).
  • C. Tittiger, C. O’Keeffe, C.S. Bengoa, L. Barkawi, S.J. Seybold and G.J. Blomquist. Isolation and endocrine regulation of HMG-CoA synthase cDNA from the male Jeffrey pine beetle, Dendroctonus jeffreyi. Insect Biochem. Molec. Biol. 30:1203-1211 (2000).
  • J.P. Batcabe, J.D. Howell, G.J. Blomquist and C.E. Borgeson. Effects of age, ambient temperature and dietary alterations on the delta-12 desaturase activity in the house cricket, Acheta domesticus. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 44:112-119 (2000).